Self-Care (ADL)

What Is Self-Care (ADL)?

Self-Care woman in wheelchair cooking

Self-care training refers to improving an individual's ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL). These activities include eating, drinking, functional bathing, grooming, dressing, and toileting.

There are two types of ADL. The basic ADL which refers to the activities mentioned above, and IADL (Instrumental Activities of Daily Living). IADL requires more complex thinking skills to perform activities like shopping, managing finances, maintaining a home, communicating with others, meal preparation and managing medications.

We employ self-care training to assist individuals in regaining, maintaining, or increasing their independence in performing activities of daily living (ADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs). These individuals may include older adults or those who have recovered from incapacitating illnesses or injuries.

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The training program will be based on what the component patients are lacking. These can be the walking speed, balance, strength, and coordination. For example, a slow walking speed is linked to an increased risk of falls. Training improves walking speed, allowing for more functional ambulation capabilities. 

ADL training begins when your therapist determines that you have the capability and strength to do these activities. Once the evaluation is done, a personalized training program will be created. It's important to follow and maintain the routine. Otherwise, the benefits will be lost. That's why your cooperation is needed if you want to obtain the highest level of independence possible.

Preparation for selt-care

The training program may include modification of environmental and home barriers, instruction in injury prevention or reduction, functional training programs, guidance, training in the use of assistive devices for ADLs and IADLs.
Home Renovation and Preparation for Environmental & Home Barriers 
Injury Prevention Routines and Programs
Assistive devices training for ADLs and IADLs
Home Help Guidance Program


Other benefits of ADL training include improved muscle strength, increased range of motion, flexibility, balance, and endurance. Being able to take care of yourself increases self-esteem and confidence as well. You may start training on activities that are easy to complete in bed, chair, or wheelchair. These exercises will gradually increase in complexity when your therapist deems that you're ready. Eventually, you will be allowed to perform as many ADLs as you can on your own.
Self-Care woman in wheelchair

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